Thursday, May 21, 2020

Childhood Cognition, By Walter Benjamin - 2522 Words

In a series of reflections scattered throughout The Arcades Project and elsewhere, Walter Benjamin offers a view of childhood cognition as defined by an immediacy between perception and action; the inherently tactile relation between thought and world elicited by the child invokes a direct relationship of thought and action and so a capacity to transform the world.1 Rather than accept the given meaning of things, children are said to acquire knowledge by grabbing objects, analysing them in new ways, putting them to uses beyond those to which they were intended (think of the ubiquitous admission of the child s preference for the wrapping to the toy).2 Play thus has a redemptive quality. As an experimental and tactile engagement with the†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Children are Spinozists† they write in A Thousand Plateaus, their existence takes place on a generative level of affect unhinged from an autonomous and rational adult subject.6 When I Dance, I Put You in a Trance... In his book Noise, Jacques Attali articulates a similarly lapsarian trajectory to physiological and cognitive development but this time situated upon the terrain of sound itself. For Attali, music stands in for the very possibility of social order; its effects begin from the moment of birth, as when the lullaby re-transmits the child s cry in tidy and harmonic form.7 Might we locate something of the force of generative enchantment and imagination prior to its capture by the chloroform of the social in moments when the child s voice takes form in music? Suggestive of what I have in mind here is Makoto Kurita s first album as Magical Power Mako, recorded in 1973 partly with Keijo Hano when both were fifteen years old. The album s first song, Open the morning window, the sunshine comes in, the hope of today is a small bird singing , begins with a chorus of children gently chanting the song s absurdly long title repeatedly, first in Japanese then in English, upon which the melody begins to devolve into a chaotic patchwork of tape manipulations and field recordings, then a heavy rock guitar solo backed by a string section worthy of The Rolling Stones or one of

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Existentialism And Its Impact On Society Essay - 976 Words

Jean-Paul Sartre once said â€Å"man is nothing else but what he makes of himself.† The implications of this statement and his entire school of thought had a profound effect on society as a whole. Sà ¸ren Kierkegaard is often thought to be the first proponent of existentialism but never used the term as a self-describer and was categorized as an existentialist posthumously. Sartre derived his inspiration from Martin Heidegger and embraced the term, but he was hardly the only one to flirt with such thinking. Many philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Simone de Beauvoir, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Albert Camus and Fyodor Dostoyevsky were also influential existentialists. Although this branch of philosophy theorizes over many facets of human existence, one of its most innovative proposals was the true meaning of life. Scholar Frederick Copleston explains that Sartre believed that what â€Å"all existentialists have in common is the fundamental doctrine that existence precedes essence. As a result, each individual is free of preconceived notions assigned to them by society and religion. Everyone must be responsible for creating their own values and determining a meaning to their own lives. Existence precedes essence is a central theme in existentialism. This notion makes every person liable for their own actions instead of placing the blame on someone or something. As a result, every individual has the freedom to do what he or she chooses but must always assume responsibility insteadShow MoreRelatedExistentialism And Its Impact On Society1816 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Existentialism developed in the more extensive feeling to twentieth century rationality that is focused upon the investigation about presence and of the best approach people discover themselves existing or their existence as a whole. Existentialism takes its name from those philosophical topic of existence , this doesn t involve that there will be homogeneity in the way presence will be on be comprehended. On simpler terms, existentialism will be an logic worried for finding selfRead MoreShakespeares King Lear vs. Tuesdays with Morrie1495 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Existentialism was in part a reaction to modernism, but its roots can be traced to ancient philosophical traditions ranging from Zoroastrianism and Judaism, Buddhism and Platonism (Flynn). The essence of existentialism is authenticity of experience, asking the philosopher to undergo deep introspection. However, existentialism is perhaps most famous for its probing questions about what Friedrich Nietzsche called the tensi on of the soul, (2). Known colloquially as existential angst, the tensionRead MoreExistentialism in Literature and Science846 Words   |  3 PagesExistentialism is the philosophical approach or theory that emphasizes an individual’s existence as a free and responsible being determining his own development through acts of the will (â€Å"Existentialism†). What does that mean exactly? To make it easier to understand, that means humans as people are shaping their own destinies with every choice they make. That seems quite obvious, but to further understand the meaning of existentialism, it must be analyzed through the impacts it has had on bothRead MorePhilosophy of Education for Foundations of Education1520 Words   |  7 PagesPhilosophies A. Philosophies 1. Existentialism B. Ways of Knowing 1. Eastern Ways of Knowing a. Chinese thought C. Styles of Teaching 1. Humanism III. Conclusion IV. References Introduction Education is an ongoing process based upon experience. The old adage you learn something new everyday is very true, and nothing fascinates me more than simply talking to other people; you can learn so much from them. Education is the foundation of our American society, and the children of today areRead More Existentialism in Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart Essay1635 Words   |  7 PagesExistentialism in Things Fall Apart      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Chinua Achebe presents his audience with an interesting twist to a contemporary school of thought in his work Things Fall Apart.   This post-colonization narrative incorporates several traits that revolt against normative philosophic systems and tralititious theories and beliefs of the existence of man and his place in the universe.   Achebes efforts are characterized by a small diverse group of writers that purge realizations of predestinationRead MoreExistentialism in Soldier’s Home by Ernest Hemingway Essay example531 Words   |  3 PagesThe saying â€Å"Existence precedes essence† is the slogan of existentialism. This element of existentialism is displayed throughout the short story â€Å"Soldier’s Home† by Ernest Hemingway. Of the different elements of existentialism, existence precedes essence is most evident in â€Å"Soldier’s Home†. Harold Krebs was a soldier in World War 1 who got back afew months later than the rest of the men from his town. He was forced to tell lies about his war experiences in order to get along and fit in with the peopleRead MoreFyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, Notes From The Underground, And The Idiot1713 Words   |  7 Pagesyears later, in 1839, his father died, supposedly murdered by his serfs (Thomas, 8). Between 1864 and 1869, Dostoevsky â€Å"lost his first wife, his brother Mikhail, and his infant daughter† ( Thomas, 8). All of these unfortunate incidents had huge impacts on Dostoevsky’s writing. Alcoholic father figures, much like his own, appear in several of his works, most prominently with Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov from The Brothers Karamazov (Thomas, 8). The death of his mother provided him with experience thatRead MoreTechnology On Our Generation s Future1239 Words   |  5 Pagesrotary phones and advancing into Instagram, twitter and facetime. Technology dating back to 1943 when the first computer was created by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, and still has a major impact on our lives while still advancing every day (Computerhope). Technology has had both a negative and positive impact on human lives, although to a certain extent technology has gotten out of hand. In this essay, I will argue how technology plays a huge role in the future of our generation, and the positiveRead More Existentialism Essay1005 Words   |  5 Pagesone’s choices and decisions create a code for all of man. This set of codes creates the unwritten laws of people, which in turn create quot;good and bad.quot; If a person acts against this he can pray to God and ask for forgiveness. However, existentialism is indifferent to God’s existence, which makes the person fully responsible for his own actions. This causes despair because it leaves people with nothing to cling to when they have made the wrong decision. If God does not exist, then thereRead MoreA Good Man Is Hard To Find Theme Analysis879 Words   |  4 Pagespeople before and how â€Å"‘[everything] is getting terrible,’† also he remembers the day where â€Å"‘[people] could go off and leave [their] screen door unlatched’† (O’Connor 14). This comparison clearly displays the deterioration of the society which would produce a good impact on the youth such as, June Star and John Wesley, the grandchildren of the old lady. Nevertheless, nostalgia in the grandmother does not always result in a pleasant way because one time, â€Å"...she woke up and recalled an old plantation

Analysis of Social Movements in the Egyptian Revolution Free Essays

The Egyptian Revolution can undoubtedly be considered one of the significant events of the 2011. However, even after three months since the 18-day revolution, people are still unable to determine whether or not this revolution will bring about positive amends to Egyptian society. Having said that, the Egyptian Revolution has shown to be a convenience to many sociologists, as it offers a promising case study on social movements. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Social Movements in the Egyptian Revolution or any similar topic only for you Order Now Throughout this three-month revolution aftermath, it has become clear that the January 25th Revolution has brought about symptoms of virtually all sorts of social movements. In the typical sociological perspective, social movements are collective efforts to bring about social or political change. Characteristics of a social movement include it being goal-oriented, having a unified ideology, and having an organized, sometimes bureaucratic, system. Social movements can be characterized by the type of change they promote. There are six major types of social movements: expressive social movements, progressive social movements, resistant social movements, reformative social movements, revolutionary social movements, and utopian social movements. Expressive social movements attempt to change individuals, rather then directly trying to change institutions or laws. Evangelical groups and Alcoholic Anonymous groups offer examples. Members of such movements believe that because institutions are people-created, they can only be changed by changes in people. Progressive social movements attempt to improve society by making positive changes in institutions and organizations. The Labor Movement and Civil Rights Movement exemplify progressive social movements. Resistance movements, rather than advocating change, seek to hold it back and keep the status quo. For instance, an example of this type of movement is the anti-gun control movement. Reformative social movements attempt to make a major change to some aspect of society or politics in general. For instance, efforts to end the death penalty, or efforts to apply gun control in a society are considered reformative social movements. Revolutionary social movements advocate a radical shift in the fundamental structure or practice of a society. Such types of social movements tend to involve violence. Almost all revolutionary social movements arise when a specific segment of the population is strongly oppressed or generally dissatisfied with the society they inhabit. Examples of revolutionary social movements include the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Bolshevik Revolution. The last type of social movement is the utopian social movement. Such movements seek to create an ideal social environment from an image of a perfect society. They tend to reject violence as a method to gain its goal. Examples of such revolutions include Gandhi’s Peaceful Revolution and the counterculture movement in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s. First and foremost, the Egyptian Revolution, according to its name, can obviously be categorized under a revolutionary social movement. During the 18-day uprising, people, people assembled in the now distinguished, Tahrir Square, for a simple, yet drastic agenda. They called for the resignation of the President as well as his staff, substantial amendments to the constitution, and a promise for a democratic nation that grants its people their human rights. The protestors remained devoted to their aims until they eventually had them fulfilled. The fact the protestors’ agenda was realized makes the January 25th incident a revolution and not a revolt. Furthermore, unlike in reformative social movements, participants of the Egyptian Revolution called for drastic change in the ruling system. Reformative social movements tend attempt to gain rights and protection for some segment of society without changing other aspects. The Egyptian Revolution brought forth a change to the whole system. Furthermore, among the participants of the Egyptian Revolution, there were undoubtedly protestors that exemplified the symptoms of a utopian social movement. Evidently, many of the protestors zestfully chanted â€Å"Selmeya! Selmeya! † (Arabic roughly meaning, â€Å"Remain peaceful! †). Despite the eventual violence and chaos that emerged in streets all around Egypt, there is sufficient evidence to prove that many protestors did in fact call for non-violent demonstration. After the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, symptoms of other social movements began appearing. For instance, having had their nationalist spirit replenished, many citizens took part in expressive social movements to better themselves and abide more strictly to their moral codes. Such campaigns can easily be observed by watching the television, as there have been many advertisements urging Egyptians to take better care of their nation. Additionally, progressive movements sporadically appeared after the resignation of the 83 year-old President. After the ouster of the President, minority groups in the population, such as the Copts, began calling for better treatment by the government. Also, groups that were previously subjugated by the government, specifically Islamist groups, began appealing for the Islamic amendments they asked for before. Such groups eventually came up with more stringent demands, that their progressive movements became reformative movements. For instance, the Copts who protested at the State’s ‘Maspiro’ building initially called for better conduct towards Coptic Christians in Egypt, however they eventually began calling for the change in the article of the constitution that states that Egyptian law is mostly derived from Islamic ‘Sharia’a’ Law. Ultimately, it is without a shadow of a doubt that the Egyptian January 25th revolution brought about the trend of desiring change. Hence, Egypt is commonly seeing all sorts of social movements nowadays. Having said that, although the change-urging groups in Egypt all claim to have the good of the country as their top priority, it must be acknowledged that a large number of these groups of conflicting ideologies. On top of that, many participants of these social movements derive their ideologies from religion, and thus this makes the matter delicate. Throughout the past few months, Egypt has seen a number of incidents involving sectarian strife. Such incidents gave a warning signal to what this revolution may very well lead to. The question to ask now is will Egypt remain â€Å"2eed wahda† (Arabic for â€Å"one hand†) as they fervently chanted during the 18-day uprising, or will contradictions in ideologies and demands for change lead to a theological strife within Egypt. How to cite Analysis of Social Movements in the Egyptian Revolution, Papers

Friday, April 24, 2020

Sherwin Williams Company

Table of Contents Introduction External Environment Trends and Threats Opportunities in the External Environment Sherwin Williams Employees Mentorship Conclusion Reference List Introduction Sherwin Williams is engaged in manufacturing, distributing as well as selling building materials such as paints and coatings. This company operates in America and Europe.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Sherwin Williams Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Currently, this organization consists of four segments, namely Global Finishes, Paint Stores, Consumer Group, and Latin American Group. This paper is aimed at examining the external environment of this company, especially the threats and opportunities to which this enterprise is exposed. Furthermore, it is vital to discuss the way in which this company mentors its employees in order to promote their professional development. Moreover, one should examine the way in which the competitors of Sherwin Williams approach the mentorship of new hires and their professional development. These are the main questions that should be examined. External Environment Sherwin William’s external environment includes four essential elements; in particular, one should speak about customers, economy, competition, and government (Kefalas, 2009). First of all, it should be mention that clients are critical for critical for the sustainability of Sherwin Williams because their demand determines the financial performance of this enterprise and its market share. There are four distinct groups; in particular, one can speak about retailers, commercial, professional, and industrial customers. In addition to that, clients can be direct and indirect.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, commercial, professional, and industrial customers buy the products directly from the company while the retailers obtain them from the commercial customers. The management should consider the interest of these stakeholders in order to remain sustainable. The management should remember that these customers can have various needs. The development of the U.S. economy is another factor that forms the external environment of Sherwin Williams Company. For example, one can mention that the demand for the products of Sherwin Williams depends on the performance of the construction industry. Moreover, one should focus on the purchasing power of individuals or groups that may need to buy housing or building materials. This is one of the trends that influence the financial performance of this business. The government affects the operation of the company since it sets policies that govern the corporate entities (Ryu, 2006). Much attention should be paid to the fiscal policies of the state. For instance, at presently, the state charges a tax of about 12 percent on income (Kefalas, 2009). However, some of the company’s activities such as merging and acquisition are exempted from taxation in the United States. Additionally, the government has promoted the embracement of corporate social responsibility which Sherwin William must adopt in order to meet the standards set by policy-makers (Kefalas, 2009).Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Sherwin Williams Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, it is possible to argue that the government can raise the performance standards that Sherwin Williams has to reach. Finally, one should not overlook the importance of competition. Among the main rivals of this company, one can distinguish Benjamin Moore, PPG, and BASF. These companies share the market with Sherwin Williams. Their activities prompt Sherwin William to improve the quality of their products or decrease their prices in order to remain competi tive. Trends and Threats Sherwin William and its competitors should pay attention to several trends. For instance, the governments and public organizations advocate the use of sustainable building materials. For example, UNEP and IESD support the use of green paints, rather than the synthetic paints. These organizations invested in the production of paints which will pose a great challenge for Sherwin Williams and its competitors. Moreover, the Asian countries have adopted the doctrine of sustainable architecture which might challenge the economic viability of the current paints that Sherwin Williams is producing. This trend can be an extremely significant threat to the existing companies that produce synthetic paints which can produce harmful effects on people’s health.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, one can say that this organization should develop alternatives to existing products; otherwise this company can become very vulnerable in the future. This is one of the suggestions that can be made. The competitors of Sherwin William attach importance to mentoring of employees since these activities are critical for the organizational performance. For example, BASF enables trainees to take several positions within the organization. Moreover, senior managers help the trainees to understand the challenges that they will have to overcome in the future. These orientation programs can last for twenty-four months and during this period new employees can learn more about the functioning of this organization. For example, they can better understand the production process. Secondly, they can learn more about the needs of clients. In turn, PPG Industries conducts workshops that are aimed at developing mentorship skills of senior managers. These people should help new hires to gain a better understanding of the way in which this organization functions. Thus, one can say that these companies understand the importance of mentoring. This is one of the details that can be singled out. Opportunities in the External Environment There are various opportunities that Sherwin William can use in order to improve its performance. First, the company can rely on its commercial customers while distributing and selling their goods to retailers and industrial customers. This strategy can save the company the costs of distribution which are incurred since the retailers will obtain the products through commercial customers. Moreover, the projects carried out by the government can also offer many opportunities to businesses like Sherwin William because the state is a potential customer of the company. In turn, the company should secure governmental contracts. Public projects can generate significant revenues for Sherwin William because they receive significant funding. Lastly, th e economy of the United States and many other countries around the world is oriented toward construction of affordable housing due to the rising population and increasing demand for infrastructure. Therefore, the company should take advantage of this opportunity and supply construction materials for the companies that implement these projects. This strategy should not be restricted only to the United States. Instead, the company should focus on the global economy as a whole and expound its economic boundaries. This strategy can help the company to increase its market share. Sherwin Williams Employees Mentorship Sherwin mentorship is based on various techniques that that encourage employees to develop their skills and attain professional growth. For instance, the company adopts the so-called bottom-up approach. This method implies that junior employees should make decisions and pass them to the seniors for approval. This system enables the junior employees to participate holistically in decision-making process. In this way, they can learn more about ethical issues, leadership, and responsibilities of senior managers. Moreover, this interaction between colleagues helps trainees to understand their strengths and weaknesses. As a result, this organization enables workers to translate their theoretical knowledge into practical decisions (Nunez, Dean, Ottino, 2010). Moreover, they are more ready to take initiatives. Furthermore, the management of this organization encourages employees to continue their academic career because it is closely related to their professional activities. Lastly, the company has inspirational leaders who act as role models to employees. For example, one can mention the company’s CEO, Christopher Connor who can inspire and motivate new hires. These people set examples for employees since they are usually admired by trainees. These leaders are agents of transformation because they can help followers turn into leaders. In addition, the leaders create personal bonds with the employees by creating an environment of mentorship and inspiration (Beckett, 2010). In this way, the management helps employees to adjust to the requirements of the company. These are the strategies that Sherwin William currently adopts. Conclusion This discussion shows that there are several external factors which influence the performance of Sherwin William. Much attention should be paid to the performance of the construction industry, the policies of the state, the attitudes of customers, and the strategies of competitors. This organization can derive several opportunities from such trends as increasing population or growing number of public construction projects. Yet, Sherwin Williams should concentrate on the production of ecologically sustainable products because the demand for them can increase in the future. Furthermore, the examples discussed in this paper show that Sherwin William and its competitors focus on the need for effective m entoring programs. The senior executives of these organizations understand that the professional development of workers is important for the sustainability of businesses. This is why they develop various mentorship programs. Reference List Beckett, J. (2010). Mentorship is the Key Career to Success. Strategic Finance, 94(4), 21. Kefalas, A. (2009). Analyzing Changes In The External Business Environment. Strategy Leadership, 9(4), 26-46. Nunez, A., Dean, R., Ottino, J. (2010). The Role of Mentorship in Project Performance. Nature Journal, 465(7298), 622. Ryu, S. (2006). The Effect Of External And Internal Environments On Inter-firm Governance. Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing, 13(2), 67-90. This term paper on Sherwin Williams Company was written and submitted by user Spencer L. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

B-12 essays

B-12 essays Vitamin B-12 is an important vitamin that you usually get from your food. Vitamin B-12 comes in several forms, and it is alternately known by the names derivative of cobalamin such as cyanocobalamin, cobalamyns, and hydroxycobalamin. Vitamin B-12, which is stored in the liver, plays an integral role in the human body in the manufacture of genetic material of cells which is essential for growth and development. Vitamin B-12 is also active and vital in the role of many enzymatic functions in the human body. Without Vitamin B-12, the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow of the body would be impossible. Vitamin B-12 is found only in animal products. Excellent sources include organ meats and mollusks such as clams and oysters. Moderate amounts are contained in egg yolks, muscle meats, poultry, fish, fermented cheeses and dry milk. There is no human-active form of B-12 in algae such as nori and spirulina; the forms are all analogues. The dietary sources for Vitamin B-12 are easily obtained, although you need only minute quantity of this Vitamin in order for proper functioning. The absolute best source of Vitamin B-12 is found in liver, closely followed by kidneys, lean meats, eggs, fish, chicken, milk and dairy products. Vegetarians, who do not eat meat or dairy products, are at risk for low Vitamin B-12 usually about 2 years after they become vegetarians. Most people with low Vitamin B-12 levels have trouble absorbing Vitamin B-12 from their stomach or small intestines. You might not have any symptoms if your Vitamin B-12 level is just a little bit low. However, a very low Vitamin B-12 level can cause anemia, depression, dementia or a serious problem with your nervous system. Vitamin B-12 deficiency does occur, but takes longer to develop, rather than quickly because the liver can store up to a 6 year supply of the bodys needs for Vitamin B-12. The first signs of Vitamin B-12 deficie ...

Sunday, March 1, 2020

The Importance of Being Earnest Review

'The Importance of Being Earnest' Review ​​The Importance of Being Earnest is Oscar Wildes most well-known and best-loved play, as well as being an enormous success in his lifetime. For many people, it is the apogee of Wildes work. Like Wilde, the play is the very embodiment of fin de sieclà © British dandyism. However, this seemingly frivolous play has a much darker side. Its critique of Victorian societythough delivered in a velvet gloveis every inch an iron fist. The play is a satire both of the hypocrisies of the society in which Wilde lived, and the damaging effect that these hypocrisies can have on the souls of those live under their rule. Wilde was to become one of those souls shortly after the first performance of the play when he initiated a libel trial that was to lead to his imprisonment for being a homosexual.​ Overview ofThe Importance of Being Earnest The play is based around two young men, one of whom is an upright young man called Jack who lives in the country. However, in order to escape the drudgery of his highly conservative lifestyle, he has created an alter-ego, Ernest, who has all kinds of reprobate fun in London. Jack says he often has to visit his poor brother Ernest, which gives him his opportunity to escape his boring life and have fun with his good friend, Algernon. However, Algernon comes to suspect that Jack is leading a double life when he finds a personal message in one of Jack’s cigarette cases. Jack makes a clean breast of his life, including the fact that he has a young and attractive ward by the name of Cecily Cardew back on his estate in Gloucestershire. This piques Algernons interest and, uninvited, he turns up on the estate pretending to be Jack’s brotherthe reprobate Ernestin order to woo Cecily. In the meantime, Jacks fiancà ©e, (and Algernons cousin) Gwendolen has also arrived, and Jack admits to her that he is, in fact, not called Ernest, but is called Jack. Algernon, despite his better judgment, also confesses to Cecily that his name is not Ernest either. This causes a good deal of trouble in our heroes love lives, as both women have a rather strange attachment to the name Ernest, and cannot consider marrying anyone who does not go by that name. There is another impediment to the marriages. Gwendolens mother, Lady Bracknell, will not countenance her daughter marrying someone of Jacks social status (he was an orphan who was found by his adoptive parents in a handbag at Kings Cross Station). As Jack is Cecilys guardian, he will not allow her to marry Algernon unless his aunt, Lady Bracknell changes her mind. This seemingly irresolvable conundrum becomes brilliantly solved when, on inspection of the handbag, Lady Bracknell reveals that Algernons brother had become lost in just such a handbag and that Jack must, in actuality, be that lost child. What’s more, the child had been christened Ernest. The play ends with a prospect of two very happy marriages. The Importance of Being Earnest combines a labyrinthine plot, the seemingly irresolvable narrative of a farce, and some of the most comic and wittiest lines ever written. It is, as can probably be surmised from its extraordinary to-ings and fro-ings and its incredibly unlikely resolution, is not to be taken as a serious drama. Indeed, the characters and the setting lack any real depth; they are, first and foremost, vessels for Wilde’s witticisms lampooning the shallow and roots-obsessed society in which he lived.   However, this is not to the plays detriment – the audience is treated to some of the most sparkling verbal wit ever seen. Whether luxuriating in paradox or simply in the ridiculousness created by the plot that Wilde has set in motion, the play is at its best when it is portraying supposedly serious things in an extremely trivial matter.   However, this seeming piece of fluff is enormously influential and is actually a destructive critique of the social mores of the times. The emphasis that is put in the play on surfacesnames, where and how people were brought up, the way that they dressbelies a yearning for something which is more substantial. Wilde can be credited, by producing a piece of polished decadence, with contributing to the destruction of a class-based, surface-obsessed society. Wildes play seems to say, look beneath the surface, try and find the real people stifled beneath social norms. Brilliant, inventive, witty andwhen performedabsolutely hilarious, Wildes The Importance of Being Earnest, is a landmark in the history of Western theater, and probably that writer’s greatest achievement.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Revisiting the role of miscue analysis in effective teaching Article

Revisiting the role of miscue analysis in effective teaching - Article Example Goodman initially came up with a Taxonomy which featured 28 various kinds of miscues (Goodman, 1969). Developed originally for research reasons, its unwieldiness plus a need to enlarge its utilization inspired Carolyn Burke, Yetta Goodman in 1972 to establish a smaller edition made up of 9 questions to be queried about every miscue-which was a straightforward system that they reasoned would become a more manageable and helpful tool especially for teachers and clinics in the school system. Thus the authors were not so much interested in conventional quantitative measures like reading rate or reading accuracy and figured out that their qualitative method gave more fine-grained and appropriate information as compared to other methods of reading assessment. This therefore implies that using Reading Miscue Inventory (RMI)a learner’s incorrect answer ,in comparison to the printed word, may portray a variation in dialect, a shift in intonation, sound similarity, graphic similarity, syntactic acceptability, grammatical similarity, semantic acceptability, self-correction having semant ic acceptability and meaning change. It is clear that McKenna and her colleagues do not understand much about the analysis of miscue. Analysis of miscue continues to be accepted by teachers since it assists them comprehend how their students make sense of the written word. It is widely used in programs for educating teachers as a way of making teachers revalue the process of reading. Miscue also continues to be utilized in research since it gives a depth profile of the process of reading in use. There is no single publication of critique analysis which has proved its invalidity. McKenna and Picard and her colleagues only cite one unfunded study carried out by Goodman over 4 decades ago, which was at the very start of examination of oral